Design Your Room

Design Your Room

Cabinets 101

Talk like a pro

While choices are great, they can also be overwhelming if you don’t have a basic understanding of the products and their differences. We’ve gathered some information on key product elements to give you an overview of the details of cabinetry.


Putting together the pieces of a functional kitchen

As you begin to look at different cabinet lines, you’ll notice that they are usually classified into categories such as Wall, Tall, Base, Vanity, Other Room and Accessories. These categories are intended to provide quick reference points to help you navigate the breadth of the lines and number of options that are available to you.

  • Wall category consists of cabinets that are hung on the wall, sometimes called upper cabinets
  • Base, Tall, and Vanity are designed to rest on the floor, sometimes called lowers

Construction Type

How a cabinet is built determines how it looks and functions. Hinges, shelving and even finishing options can vary greatly depending on the type of construction used. These basics will help you determine what construction type is best for you.


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Our Framed Cabinets

Framed is the more traditional construction type, with rails and stiles forming a “frame” at the front of the cabinet box.  Framed cabinets attach door hinges to frame face and wall shelves are usually adjustable. Partial, and full overlay door styles can be used with framed cabinets.

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Engineered Wood Materials

Some cabinets utilize various wood materials to provide strength, durability and consistent quality.

  • Particleboard/Furniture Board – Board made from a mixture of real wood shavings and binding material, such as resin, which are refined and bonded together, then compressed with high heat and pressure
  • Plywood – A panel made from an odd number of wood veneer layers which are bonded together with the grain of each layer running at right angles to the next.  All plywood components meet ANSI/HPVA HP-1 standards, and may contain MDF or particleboard. 
  • Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) – Formed by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals into wood fibers.  Heat and pressure are used to form a homogenous board excellent for machining and painting.
  • PureStyle™ – is a CARB II-compliant material that displays the precision of a paint with the durability of a laminate.

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Raised Panel

  • Raised panel - The center panel of the door is elevated

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Recessed or Flat Panel

  • Recessed or Flat Panel – The center panel of the door is set lower

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Full Overlay

  • Full Overlay – The door of the cabinet overlays (or covers) the entire face frame

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Partial Overlay

  • Partial Overlay – The door of the cabinet only partially overlays the frame, leaving part of it exposed

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Innovative Organization

Unlike other cabinet brands, Schrock doesn’t just build cabinets to store things, we engineer our cabinets for intelligent organization. From extra storage for bulk shoppers to roll-trays for easy visibility, these innovative features clear clutter and make your life easier. See Innovative Organization section of this website for more details.

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Schrock Cabinetry Decorative Surface Treatment

Schrock Cabinetry glaze adds another layer of beauty to your cabinet’s appearance by highlighting the profile of your door style choice to replicate the look of antique furniture. After applying a toner to accentuate the wood grain’s natural attributes, our craftsmen hand apply the glaze with a cloth, for extra depth, dimension and an understated sheen that’s guaranteed to endure. You should expect the results to yield a subtle to dramatic look based on the complexity of a cabinet door’s design, as glaze may collect in the corner and grooves.

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Schrock Select Decorative Surface Treatment

Schrock Select glaze has a more deliberate, "penned" appearance around the door profile, and works as more of a concentrated accent to lines of the door style selected.

Depending on the brand of cabinets you choose, and the doorstyle and finish/glaze combination you select, glazing will range from a consistent, even appearance to varied coverage. Although printed and online images are helpful, it’s important to see and touch actual finished samples to ensure your satisfaction.